How to get there
Choose MIDI/Audio > Device Setup > MIDI Setup.
What it does
Noteman says: When you install a new version of Finale on your computer, your MIDI setup settings are not copied from the previous version.
The MIDI Setup dialog box first appears when you launch Finale for the first time after installing it on your computer. At that time, you are asked to specify your computer's MIDI configuration so that Finale can make use of connected MIDI devices. You can also edit these settings at any time by accessing this dialog box from the MIDI/Audio menu.
- Auto-Detect Input Devices. This check box allows you to automatically assign MIDI Input devices to banks. For example, if you unplug one external MIDI keyboard and then plug in a different model, Finale automatically detects the new device and adds it to the Input Device for base channel 1. When checked, Finale disables the other Input menus.
- MIDI In Device • MIDI Out Device. Use the MIDI In and MIDI Out settings to tell Finale which MIDI drivers you’d like to use. You can specify up to 8 slots (using one or more MIDI drivers) to receive and send MIDI information. You can specify different configurations for MIDI In and MIDI Out (see Advanced below). Under MIDI In, select the MIDI In device for your computer (for example, Sound Blaster MIDI Input). Under MIDI Out, select a device where you’d like to hear the music played back. To use an external MIDI device, choose a driver with “MIDI Out” or “MPU 401” in its name. To use your computer’s speakers connected to your sound card, choose a driver with “Synth” or “Synthesizer” in it. By default, Finale uses “SmartMusic SoftSynth,” which is Finale’s own General MIDI SoundFont (with additional marching percussion sounds). Because this option does not use your sound card’s synthesizer, playback will sound the same on other computers as long as SoftSynth is selected for the MIDI Out device (and the “Synthgms.sf2” file hasn’t been replaced by a different SoundFont in the Finale 2014/Audio support folder). (See Finale Installation Details for specific folder locations on your computer). Select SoftSynth Settings to display the SoftSynth Settings dialog box, where you can fine tune SoundFont playback.
- Advanced. Click the Advanced button to expand the dialog box for more than one device.
- Base Channel. You can specify the initial MIDI channel number for each MIDI driver selected. This number indicates the first of 16 channels. Finale supports 64 MIDI channels through different MIDI drivers.
- Sync Master MIDI Sync. Click in this column if you want Finale to transmit MIDI Sync signals any time it plays back your score through the corresponding MIDI driver and MIDI channels (specified by the Base Channel for that driver). Only one device at a time can send MIDI Sync signals. If you have connected your computer to an external sequencer, drum machine, or another computer that has been configured to interpret this kind of MIDI message, it will wait in "pause" mode until Finale begins playback, at which point the two will play together in perfect synchronization.
- Match On/Off. This check box controls how Finale handles simultaneous MIDI messages of the same pitch on the same channel. When this box is checked, Finale attempts to ‘match’ each simultaneous note on message with a corresponding note off message. For example, in a measure containing a whole note on middle C and a half note on middle C, the note off message at the conclusion of the half note applies only to the half note and the whole note continues for the full duration. If the MIDI output device supports matching on/offs, this option should be checked so that note off messages do not interrupt playback of the longer of two or more unisons on the same channel. If the MIDI device does not support matching note on/off messages, this option should be unchecked.
To test if your MIDI output device supports matching note on/off messages, open a new default document. Enter a whole note middle C in the first measure in layer 1. Switch to layer 2, and then in the same measure, enter a half note on middle C and then a half note on D. Play the measure back. If the whole note C gets cut off with the half note C (you can’t hear the C against the D), the MIDI device does not support matching, but Finale thinks it does - uncheck Match On/Off. If the whole note C continues to play over the barline, the MIDI device supports matching, but Finale thinks it doesn’t - check Match On/Off. If you can hear the C against the D, and they both cut off at the same time, Finale is setup correctly.
- Enable MIDI Sync • MTC. These two boxes allow you to synchronize Finale playback with another MIDI or MTC-compatible device. Check a box under the MIDI Sync column if you want Finale to transmit MIDI Sync signals any time it plays back your document through the corresponding MIDI driver and MIDI channels (specified by the Base Channel for that driver). Only one device at a time can send MIDI Sync signals. If you have connected your computer to an external sequencer, drum machine, or another computer that has been configured to interpret this kind of MIDI message, it will wait in “pause” mode until Finale begins playback, at which point the two will play together in perfect synchronization. Check a box under the “MTC” column to send MIDI Time Code messages in order to sync with another device that is capable of receiving MTC.
- SoftSynth Settings. Click this button to open the SoftSynth dialog box where you can select the software synthesizer you want to use for output, and change the volume. Changes in this dialog box apply to exported audio files (File > Export > Audio File).
- Reset MIDI Out. This option sends a “Key off” message to all notes, on all channels when the port is made inactive. This check box should only be unchecked (disabled) if your MIDI device(s) are responding with a “MIDI Buffer Overflow” or “MIDI Communication Error” when receiving such a command.
- MIDI In Latency. Enter a value in this text box to delay Finale’s translation of MIDI information for entry in HyperScribe. The MIDI latency value compensates for the short delay it sometimes takes for MIDI information to travel from an external MIDI device into the computer.
- OK • Cancel. Click OK to confirm, or Cancel to discard, the changes you’ve made to the MIDI settings in this dialog box.
Tip: Refer to the beginning pages of the Finale Tutorials to assist you in connecting your MIDI instrument to Finale.