How to get there
- Choose the Chord tool . The Chord menu appears.
- Choose Chord > Manual Input.
- Double-click a beat in your score where you want to add the chord symbol. The Chord Definition dialog box appears.
If the note already has a chord attached to it, right
/CONTROL-click the handleA small square which appears on currently "selectable" elements in the score. Handles allow you to select, edit and adjust musical elements in the score. and choose Edit Chord Definition to edit the current chord.
- Click Show Advanced to expand the dialog box.
- In the Suffix section, click Select. The Chord Suffix Selection dialog box appears.
- Click Create.
If you would like to edit an existing chord suffix, select it and click Edit to open the Chord Suffix Editor dialog box.
What it does
In the Chord Suffix Editor dialog box, you can create and edit chord suffixes. Finale perceives a chord as a root tone sounding together with notes specific intervals above it; these notes constitute the suffix. Therefore, Finale uses the same suffix whether you play a C major seventh or an F major seventh—the relationship of the suffix notes to the root is the same.
Each letter of the suffix can have its own font, size, and position, making subscript and superscript numbers (for example) possible. You can only edit one character of the suffix at a time, moving among the characters with the Prev and Next buttons. You use the Chord Suffix Editor dialog box both to define the graphic appearance of the suffix and to specify a voicing for a chord’s playback.
You can also use this dialog box to teach Finale new chords when you’re entering chords using one of Finale’s automatic analysis modes (MIDI Input, One-Staff Analysis, or Two-Staff Analysis). When you see the Unknown Chord Suffix dialog box, click I’ll Do It, to access the Chord Definition dialog box to create the chord symbol and its suffix, if necessary. The next time you play the chord (in any octave or voicing), Finale knows what chord symbol to display.
Tip: This custom teaching feature is root-specific, however; if you only teach Finale to recognize a C major sixth chord in the key of C, it will only recognize major sixth chords built on C. But it will recognize, for example, a Gmaj6 in the key of G and an Amaj6 in the key of A.
- [Chord Suffix Preview]. Use this display to preview the chord suffix you are creating or editing.
- Symbol • [Symbol text box]. Use the Symbol button to open the Symbol Selection dialog box and select a single character for the chord suffix. The Symbol text box displays the currently selected character. If you’re creating a new suffix, the Symbol text box is initially empty; type the first letter of the new suffix and click Next to preview it. The character in the Symbol text box is always displayed in the System font, even if you’ve specified a different font for the character. The character appears with the correct font in the display area.
You can only type one letter at a time into the Symbol text box unless you’ve told Finale that you’re entering a number (by selecting Number), in which case you can enter multiple numbers.
- Number. Select this option if the symbol you’re adding to a chord suffix is a number, in which case the Symbol text box will allow you to type numbers with several digits. For example, if you select Number, you can enter 13 in the Symbol text box; if you didn’t select Number, you’d have to enter the 1 and the 3 as separate symbols.
- Prefix with: Flat • Sharp • Minus • Plus. If the Prefix with checkbox is selected, these four prefix options become available. You can use these prefixes in conjunction with a number (–9, for example), but they’ll work on an alphabetic character too. A separate prefix can be added to each character or number in the chord suffix.
The font style of the flat and sharp in these prefixes can be changed in the Document Options - Fonts dialog box by clicking Set Font when Alteration is selected in the Chord
- H: • V:. The H: and V: text boxes contain coordinates that determine the distance of the currently selected character from the chord suffix’s handleA small square which appears on currently "selectable" elements in the score. Handles allow you to select, edit and adjust musical elements in the score. (where the crosshairs intersect, at the suffix’s lower-left corner). The chord suffix handle is considered the zero point. The H: number sets horizontal distance (a positive number moves the character to the right, negative to the left) and the V: number sets the vertical distance (a positive number moves the character upward, negative downward).
If you drag the currently selected character’s handle in any direction, the H: and V: numbers will change as you move it. If you’re trying to align characters with each other, however, you may find that typing values in the H: and V: text boxes gives you greater precision. Enter a new value in the H: or V: text box, then click Next to see the effect of the new numbers. (Note that each time you add a new character, Finale automatically adds enough horizontal space to make room for the new character.)
Handles. Finale usually displays a small square handle at the lower-left corner of the currently selected character, which you can drag to reposition the character. Deselect Show Handles if you want these handles to be invisible (if they’re obscuring some small character, for example). You can still drag the character by its handle, but the handle itself will be invisible.
- Set Play. Use this button to open the Suffix Keynumber Offsets dialog box, where you can define a particular voicing you want Finale to use when it plays back a particular chord symbol.
- Set Font. Use this button to enter the Font dialog box, where you can specify the characteristics of the currently selected character. (If you select Fixed Size, for any character in a chord suffix, the entire suffix, including prefixes, will be treated as fixed size.) Use this button if you’re combining several fonts within a single suffix—for example, if the suffix contains a half-diminished symbol (ø), you can use the proper symbol from the Maestro music font. (The current character is displayed in the Symbol text box, although it always appears there in the System font, no matter what font you’ve selected using the Set Font button.) See Fonts.
Don’t use this button to change all suffixes to a new font, only one character at a time. Use the Change Chord Suffix Fonts option in the Chord menu. And if you want to change the font for the letter name (root) of all your chord symbols (instead of the suffixes), use the Symbol button in the Document Options - Fonts dialog box. (There’s a selection for Chords labeled Accidentals in the same box, with which you can set the font for the accidentals in the roots of your chord symbols—E, for example—as well as the flat and sharp prefixes within the chord suffixes.)
- Prev • Next. Use the Prev and Next buttons to move through each individual character of the chord suffix (because you can only edit one letter or number at a time). If you’ve already selected the last character in the suffix (and it’s displayed in the Symbol text box), then click Next to open a slot for an additional character; Finale automatically places the new character’s handle far enough to the right that it doesn’t overlap the previous character.
Cancel •OK. Click OK (or press RETURN) to confirm, or Cancel to discard, the changes you’ve made and return to the Chord Definition dialog box or the Chord Selection dialog box. If you’ve created a new suffix, it’s now stored in the Chord Suffix Selection box.
Noteman says: If you find that your selected measurement unit is too large or small to work with, you can override your global choice by including the units or abbreviation when entering values. Or, you can set the default measurement units used in this dialog box by choosing