Alter Feel - Key Velocities dialog box
How to get there
Window > Advanced Tools. Click the MIDI tool . The MIDI tool menu appears.
- Choose MIDI tool > Key Velocities. If you’re in the MIDI tool split-window,
select the region you want to affect by dragging through the "graph"
display area or by selecting the handles of individual notes whose MIDI
data you want to edit.
- Select some measures. (If you’re editing a one-staff
region, double-click to enter the MIDI tool split-window.)
- Choose MIDI tool > Alter Feel.
The Alter Feel dialog box’s contents change
to reflect your MIDI data type selection (key velocities or note durations;
the Alter Feel command isn’t available for Continuous Data). Like the
Add or Percent Alter commands, the Alter Feel command lets you add a positive
or negative number to the velocities or durations of every note in the
selected region. However, in the Alter Feel dialog box, you can target
individual beats in each measure to receive the alterations.
For example, if you’ve selected Key Velocities,
you can specify that the downbeat of each measure in the selected region
should be played back with 50% more volume, while the other beats in the
measure are unaffected.
When you read the following descriptions
of the three text boxes, keep in mind that the number in each text box
produces a different effect depending on whether the Absolute or Percent
of Original button is selected (see below). For example, to double the
key velocity of all downbeats (to make them twice as loud), click Percent
of Original and enter 200 in the Downbeats By text box. But to add an
equal amount of velocity to all downbeats—thus preserving their relative
velocity values—click Absolute and enter a MIDI key velocity value in
the Downbeats By text box.
by. A downbeat is defined as the first beat in the measure. By
entering a value in this text box, you can increase or decrease the velocity
(or the Start Time) of only the downbeats of the measures in the selected
Beats by. Other Beats means every beat in every measure except
a downbeat or a backbeat. The beat is determined by the durational value
of the denominator in the Time Signature dialog box; for example, Other
Beats of a 3/4 meter would be the second and third quarter note of each
measure if you represented the meter as quarter quarter quarter in the
Time Signature dialog box. However, if you represented the 3/4 meter as
a dotted half note. in the Time Signature dialog box (a waltz "in
one," for example), there would be no "other beats" in
each measure; see Time Signature dialog box.
By entering a value in this text box, you can
increase or decrease the velocity (or the Start and Stop Times) of only
the other beats of the measures in the selected region. (If you’ve selected
Note Durations from the MIDI tool menu, you’re editing both the Start
Time of each "other beat" and the Stop Time of the previous
by. In Finale, a backbeat (sometimes called an offbeat) is the
second half of the beat (in duple meters); thus the second eighth note
of every beat in 2/4 or 4/4 time—or the second quarter note of every beat
in 2/2 time—is the backbeat. In triple meters, the second and third thirds
of the beat are the backbeats. In both cases, "beat" is determined
by the durational value of the denominator in the Time Signature dialog
box. The backbeats of a 3/4 meter could either be the second eighth note
of each beat (if you represented the meter with three quarter notes in
the Time Signature dialog box) or the second and third quarter notes of
the measure (if you represented the meter as a dotted half note in the
Time Signature dialog box); see Time Signature dialog
The number in this text box represents the
amount by which you want to modify every backbeat in the selected region.
(If you’ve selected Note Durations from the MIDI tool menu, you’re editing
both the Start Time of each backbeat and the Stop Time of the previous
One of the best uses for this option is to
slightly delay the playback of every backbeat (by choosing Note Durations
from the MIDI tool menu and then choosing the Alter Feel command). For
example, by entering 171 into the Backbeats By text box, you create a
true triplet swing feel.
• Percent of Original. If Absolute is selected, the number in the
text box represents MIDI key velocity units (where zero is silent and
127 is very loud) or EDUs (1024 per quarter note), depending on whether
you’re editing key velocities or note durations. If Percent of Original
is selected, the number in the text box represents a percentage of the
original key velocity or Start and Stop Time values by which you want
these data changed.
• Cancel. Click OK to confirm, or Cancel to discard, the MIDI data
changes you’ve specified. You return to the MIDI tool split-window
(or the score).